很多中国留学生或是移民刚到美国,经常是先租房,然后因为上学或是工作,会经常搬家。 那搬家的时候除了通知邮局、银行、信用卡公司等地方之外,有一个很重要的地方一定不能忘记,那就是移民局。当然有人说了,邮局可以FORWARD一年的信到新地址呢,但是,你要想想,移民局通知的信一般都很重要,万一转递的时候出了错,你能找移民局或者邮局去辩论吗?那可都是国家单位,等你辩出个结果,黄花菜都凉了。更何况,如果移民局发现了,搬家10天内,非美国公民没有改地址可以属于犯罪行为。

大家要注意:美国移民法规定,非美国公民必须在更改地址的时候都必须在搬家后十天内填写AR-11表通知移民局。这包括所有的非移民签证持有人;譬如F-1签证和H-1B签证,也包括绿卡持有人。曾经发生过有人因为疏忽了更改地址的问题,被移民局递解出境的事情。这种万分之一的可能,发生到自己身上,就很可惜了。

移民局官方对于搬家10天内没有及时改地址的处罚具体来说有下面几种:

1、罚款最高200美元(也就是200美元以内的罚款都可能);

2、入狱30天;

3、前二者一起,就是罚钱+入狱;

4、递解出境

It’s the Law: 搬家 10 天内通知移民局

国土安全部官网的说明是:

Notifying USCIS of a Change of Address Is Important

It is the sole responsibility of the applicant/petitioner to ensure USCIS has the correct address information on file.

[…]

Non-U.S. Citizens: By law, you must complete Form AR-11 to report any change in permanent address within 10 days. […]

Note penalty: Willful failure to give written notice to USCIS of a change of address within 10 days is a misdemeanor crime, and could also jeopardize the ability to obtain a future immigration benefit.

移民局官网的说明是:

A willful failure to give written notice to the USCIS of a change of address within 10 days of moving to the new address is a misdemeanor crime. If convicted, you (or the parent or legal guardian of an alien under 14 years of age who is required to give notice) can be fined up to $200 or imprisoned up to 30 days, or both. The alien may also be subject to removal from the United States. (INA Section 266(b)). Compliance with the requirement to notify the USCIS of any address changes is also a condition of your stay in the United States. Failure to comply could also jeopardize your ability to obtain a future visa or other immigration benefit.