搬家不报移民局就是犯罪?——美国搬家必知

Home/搬家常识/搬家不报移民局就是犯罪?——美国搬家必知

很多中国留学生或是移民刚到美国,经常是先租房,然后因为上学或是工作,会经常搬家。 那搬家的时候除了通知邮局、银行、信用卡公司等地方之外,有一个很重要的地方一定不能忘记,那就是移民局。当然有人说了,邮局可以FORWARD一年的信到新地址呢,但是,你要想想,移民局通知的信一般都很重要,万一转递的时候出了错,你能找移民局或者邮局去辩论吗?那可都是国家单位,等你辩出个结果,黄花菜都凉了。更何况,如果移民局发现了,搬家10天内,非美国公民没有改地址可以属于犯罪行为。

大家要注意:美国移民法规定,非美国公民必须在更改地址的时候都必须在搬家后十天内填写AR-11表通知移民局。这包括所有的非移民签证持有人;譬如F-1签证和H-1B签证,也包括绿卡持有人。曾经发生过有人因为疏忽了更改地址的问题,被移民局递解出境的事情。这种万分之一的可能,发生到自己身上,就很可惜了。

移民局官方对于搬家10天内没有及时改地址的处罚具体来说有下面几种:

1、罚款最高200美元(也就是200美元以内的罚款都可能);

2、入狱30天;

3、前二者一起,就是罚钱+入狱;

4、递解出境

It’s the Law: 搬家 10 天内通知移民局

国土安全部官网的说明是:

Notifying USCIS of a Change of Address Is Important

It is the sole responsibility of the applicant/petitioner to ensure USCIS has the correct address information on file.

[…]

Non-U.S. Citizens: By law, you must complete Form AR-11 to report any change in permanent address within 10 days. […]

Note penalty: Willful failure to give written notice to USCIS of a change of address within 10 days is a misdemeanor crime, and could also jeopardize the ability to obtain a future immigration benefit.

移民局官网的说明是:

A willful failure to give written notice to the USCIS of a change of address within 10 days of moving to the new address is a misdemeanor crime. If convicted, you (or the parent or legal guardian of an alien under 14 years of age who is required to give notice) can be fined up to $200 or imprisoned up to 30 days, or both. The alien may also be subject to removal from the United States. (INA Section 266(b)). Compliance with the requirement to notify the USCIS of any address changes is also a condition of your stay in the United States. Failure to comply could also jeopardize your ability to obtain a future visa or other immigration benefit.

以下几种签证除外:

  • Diplomats (visa status A),
  • Official government representatives to an international organization (visa status G), and
  • Certain nonimmigrants who do not possess a visa and who are in the U.S. for fewer than 30 days.

学生签证和持有绿卡的永久居民搬家都需要通知 USCIS。

纽约搬家通知移民局

纽约搬家通知移民局

搬家后如何通知移民局更改地址

每个人的情况不一样,首先你需要搞清楚自己的身份和状态。下面是 USCIS 的说明

  • If you have no pending cases, then you must file Form AR-11 (online OR by mail). If you use our Online Change of Address, you do NOT need to file a paper Form AR-11.
  • If you have any pending OR recently approved applications or petitions (except for VAWA, T or U visa); you need to complete two steps:
    • Step1: File Form AR-11 (online OR by mail), AND
    • Step 2: Change your address on any pending or recently approved applications or petitions, online OR by phone at 1-800-375-5283. For TTY (deaf or hard of hearing) call: 1-800-767-1833.
      Use our convenient Online Change of Address system to complete steps 1 and 2 at the same time. Once you complete Form AR-11 online – the system will also provide you the opportunity to change your address on any pending or recently approved applications. If you use our Online Change of Address to complete Form AR-11, you do NOT need to file a paper Form AR-11.
  • If you have a pending or approved VAWA I-360, T nonimmigrant I-914 (“T visa”), or U nonimmigrant I-918 (“U visa”), AND you have also filed an I-485, I-765, I-601, I-192, I-131, or I-929, file your change of address request at: USCIS, Vermont Service Center, 75 Lower Welden Street, St. Albans, VT 05479-0001. You may NOT change your address online.

对于大部分在美国工作、生活、学习的外国公民,只要没有 “Pending Case”,去 USCIS 官网在线提交即可:

  1. 打开 USCIS 官网,“Change of Address”;“Is this change of address for an application or petition currently in progress?” -> No
  2. 填写姓名、生日、选择国籍、身份(Permanent Resident/Student/Visitor/Other)、旧地址、新地址;提交
  3. 你会看到下面这个 “Success” 提示,如果留了邮箱,还会收到 Email 通知(最好留一个,这样以后如果记不清自己是否通知 USCIS 了可以通过邮件搜出来)

改地址后通知移民局,是一件十分重要的事情。再说现在网上让改地址很方便了,以前改地址还需要填表格通知移民局,为了防止邮寄丢失,经常还要在邮局加钱弄个deliver confirmation。

好消息是从2007年起,移民局推出了在线更改地址系统,在移民局更改地址除了邮寄表格,还可以在线更新地址。

移民局更改地址的链接如下(文章最开头的图片就是网页的样子):

https://egov.uscis.gov/crisgwi/go?action=coa

打开网页,依照移民局提供的步骤,就可以更改地址了,如果有等待审理的案件,也可以一起通知移民局,这样等结果下来,移民局会把信件直接寄到新地址。

如果只想了解相关信息,可以看这个网页:

www.uscis.gov/addresschange

在改地址之前,需要准备三样东西:

1、Receipt#,如果有PENDING的案子,也就是待审理的案子;

2、进入美国时的时间和地点(非美国公民需要提供,不过话说本来改地址针对的就是非美国公民的,所以移民局官网还是挺严谨的)

3、旧地址和新地址

网页上第一个问题是:

Is this change of address for an application or petition currently in progress?

如果有待审理的案件,就选择YES,没有则选择NO。

选择YES的话,后面表格会要求填写CASE的信息,可以用下拉菜单选择CASE的种类,然后填写RECEIPT#,这些信息从移民局收到申请寄出的收据上能找到。

如果选择NO的话,就不用填CASE信息,直接改地址就可以了。

更改地址的移民表格正式的名称是AR-11

在线完成AR-11之后,USCIS系统会给一个确认号码Confirmation Number。然后你就可以存一份打作为已向移民局通告更改地址的证据了。

最后,如果对于更改地址还有问题,可以打这个电话:1-(646) 598-7318 ,如果您需要更过的法律咨询(如意外伤害律师,移民律师)都可以到好律师网。不过移民局的电话一般等待时间比较长,所以还是网上改起来方便。

By |三月 9th, 2017|

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